open pit method of mining bitumen

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OPEN PIT MINE PLANNING ANALYSIS AND SYSTEM ,

planning and design processes employed by surface mining oil sands operations vary in distinct ways from other commodities mined by both hard and soft rock open pit methods The unique waste handling needs, including tailings disposal, of contemporary oil sands mining ,...

Grade 9 Geography Mining Study Notes Flashcards Quizlet

Start studying Grade 9 Geography Mining Study Not Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools , Open pit mining techniques are used to a depth of , Method of mining using a large hole that is dug for the purpose of ,...

What is In Situ?

There are two different methods of producing oil from oilsands open-pit mining and in situ latin, meaning in place technology Bitumen close to the surface is mined Bitumen deep within the ground is produced in situ using specialized extraction techniqu...

The impact of oil sands on the environment and health ,

There are two primary extraction methods for oil sands open-pit mining and in-situ mining The technique used depends on the depth of the deposit For example, in-situ mining is used when bitumen lies too deep beneath the surface for open-pit mining Injection of steam is used in both methods to heat the bitumen, which serves to make it more ....

ECONOMICS WORKING PAPERS No 27

are only recoverable by in situ methods Surface mining involves mining bitumen ore using an open-pit mining technology, crushing the ore to reduce the size, adding hot water to create an ore slurry, and transporting this ore slurry to be cleaned and processed before it ,...

Athabasca oil sands

Only 20 percent of bitumen can be extracted using open pit mining methods, which involves large scale excavation of the land with huge hydraulic power shovels and 400-ton heavy hauler trucks Surface mining leaves toxic tailings ponds In contrast, in situ uses more specialized techniques such as steam-assisted gravity drainage SAGD...

Open Pit Mining Techniques Surface Mines Rock or Mineral ,

Open-pit Mining Open-pit mining, also known as opencast mining, open-cut mining, and strip mining, means a process of digging out rock or minerals from the earth by their elimination from an open pit or borrow The word is used to distinguish this type of mining from extractive methods ,...

Oil Sands Extraction and Processing Natural Resources Canada

Surface mining is defined as the extraction of ore from an open pit or burrow Surface mining is sometimes known as open-pit, open-cut or open-cast mining and is only commercially viable if the deposit is located relative close to the surface Less than 20 of Alberta s bitumen reserves are close enough to the surface to be mined...

Heavy oil and tar sand

Heavy oil and tar sand - Heavy oil and tar sand - Tar sands The bitumen in tar sands can be recovered by surface mining Open-pit mining methods can be employed where thick deposits occur near the surface Earth-moving equipment is used to strip and stockpile the topsoil, remove and dispose of the overburden, and excavate the tar sand The recovery efficiency of surface mining tar sands is ....

PDF Mining Methods Part I

Through the use of a range of geochemical techniques, this work quantitatively and qualitatively investigated the effect of open-pit coal mining operations on rice paddy soils and rice plants ....

Squeezing Oil From Sand HowStuffWorks

Deeply deposited bitumen reserves aren t reachable through open-pit digging and are recovered using in situ techniques, the most successful known as SAG-D SAG-D is steam-assisted gravity drainage, a method that involves injecting steam into wells within the oil sand The intense temperature and pressure separate the bitumen and water from the ....

2 Mining Methods

Open pit mining is a technique used to extract copper ore near the earth s surface Open pit mining is the most widely used technique of mining copper today It is accomplished by creating and using benches or terraces to gradually reach deeper under the earth s surface Underground mining is used when the copper ore is not near the earth s ....

Recovering the Oil

Open Pit Mining and In-situ processing of Oil Sands Oil sands are composed of about 80 sand, 6 clay, 4 water and 10 bitumen They are found in 40-60 meter thick layers under a covering of peat, clay and sand Two methods are used to extract the sands and bitumen open pit mining and in-situ processing Open pit mining...

Company plans to strip mine oil sands in northwest Alabama ,

Company plans to strip mine oil sands in northwest Alabama , MS Industries intends to recover bitumen exclusively through open pit mining, eschewing the more controversial method of injecting ....

Oil Sands Mining Student Energy

There are two different methods of producing oil from oil sands open-pit mining and in situ Bitumen that is close to the surface less than 75 metres is mined Approximately 20 of oil sands are recoverable through open-pit mining...

World Coal Deposits

4/27/2016 3 Tar Sands- Strip Mining 13 Tar Sand Extraction method Open Pit Mining Crush Mix with hot water Bitumen floats 60 bitumen, 30 water, 10 solids 1200 SCF of gas needed to process 1 bbl of bitumen about 5x energy gain Upgrading remove water, sand, impurities, sulfur, catalytic...

Mining of Oil Shale

Title Mining of Oil Shale Author Ingo Valgma and Jialin L Qian Subject COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT Keywords Aboveground mining ,Arm loader, Baltic oil shale, Blasting, Braking, Double handling, Double unit face method, Dragline, Drifting, Drilling, Fushun Open Pit Mine, Green River oil shale, Kukersite, Longwall mining, Magnetic suspension, Maoming mining ,...

What are the main methods of mining? American ,

There are four main mining methods underground, open surface pit , placer, and in-situ mining Underground mines are more expensive and are often used to reach deeper deposits Surface mines are typically used for more shallow and less valuable deposits...

pit open pit method of mining bitumen

pit open pit method of mining bitumen open pit method of mining bitumen - agemobe open pit method of mining bitumen SUAMG Machinery is professional mineral processing equipment manufacturer in the world, not our equipment has the excellent quality, but also our product service is ,...

Athabasca Oil Sands Project, Canada

Firebag SAGD well pad The steam assisted gravity drainage technology uses underground wells to inject steam into the oil sands deposits and collect the bitumen released by the heat Map showing the extent of the Athabasca Oil Sands Oil sand bitumen is a mixture of sand, water and clay...

What are Tar Sands?

Tar sands are recovered in two ways, either by surface mining strip or open pit mining or by un-derground extraction The most destructive method is surface mining Companies clear cut the forest, bulldoze and remove the topsoil to get at the tar sands Large hydraulic shovels dig and load the heavy soil onto enormous trucks...

Unconventional Oil Exploration, Part 5 Oil Sands

Shallow deposits can be extracted using open pit mining but most oil sand reserves are located too far underground and require unconventional technologies such as steam-assisted gravity drainage SAGD and other in-situ techniques to extract and separate the oil In the SAGD process, two wells are drilled, one on top of the other...

Mining for Bitumen Oil Sands Magazine

Although exact circuit configurations vary among the operations, a typical oil sands mining facility consists of the following unit operations an open-pit or surface mine a bitumen production circuit where the bitumen is separated from the solids and water a tailings storage facility or pond, where solids are stored and process water is ....

Extraction of Resources Geology

Open-Pit Mining Open-pit mining, or open-cast mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunneling into the earth, such as long wall mining...

Thermal properties of oil sands fluid fine tailings ,

Fluid fine tailings FFT are soft tailings produced by the bitumen extraction process associated with open-pit oil sands mining Oil sands mine operators have proposed the use of end pit lakes EPLs to contain soft tailings and Syncrude Canada Ltd has developed the first EPL in the industry...

Open Pit Mining

Strip mining is the process of mining a seam of mineral by removing a long strip of overlying soil and rock Strip mining is a practical type of mining when the ore body that is to be extracted is near the surface Open-pit mining is the process of extracting rock or minerals from the earth through their removal from an open pit or borrow...

Mining Technology for Natural Bitumen and Heavy Oil

1 Mining Technology for Natural Bitumen and Heavy Oil Proposed methods for recovery of heavy oil from reservoirs and bitumen from tar sand deposits are based either on in situ processes or on mining combined with some further processing or operation on the tar sands in situ The typical in situ recovery methods ,...

Emissions from Oil Sands Mining

The emissions from the energy-intensive mining effort come from excavators, dump trucks, extraction pumps and wells, and refining facilities where the oil sands are processed Oil sands also known as tar sands are actually bitumen, a very thick and heavy form ,...

Advantages and disadvantages of open pit mining

Apr 02, 2018 0183 32 Advantages and disadvantages of open pit mining Open pit mining is profitable when the deposit is not very deep or when the terrain is sandy or delicate, so that underground mining is not possible Labor costs are lower, both in excavation and transportation, and allow the use of ,...

Basics of open pit mining

Jul 10, 2016 0183 32 Informative presentation you came across to know about Open Pit mining Open Pit mining MINING Methods Hydraulic Gassification Opencast mining Open cut Mining Surface or Strip Mining final pit ....